Find out how to End an Attic and Convert It Right into a Room

Concerned about reworking your unfinished attic into usable residing house? Whether or not you’re in want of an additional bed room, workplace or playroom, a DIY attic rework is an effective way so as to add house to your own home with out paying for an entire residence addition.

Use this information to learn to rework your house from uncovered rafters to a completed room.

What to Contemplate Earlier than Ending an Attic

Make Positive Your Attic Meets Native Constructing Codes

When changing an attic to a residing house, it should meet the identical constructing necessities as the opposite rooms in your house. To fulfill most constructing codes your attic ought to:

  • Have at the least 7 toes of vertical clearance within the majority of the room, be a minimal of seven toes vast and have at the least 70 sq. toes of house out there.
  • Be accessible by a full-size staircase.
  • Have one other exit in case of an emergency, sometimes an simply accessible window.

In case your attic is simply accessible from a ladder or a pull-down staircase, you will want to construct a everlasting staircase earlier than it may be used as something greater than cupboard space.

Professional Tip: If most of your attic’s ceiling is beneath 7 toes tall, you’ll be able to rent knowledgeable to construct a dormer to extend the peak of the room.

Discover Out If You Want a Constructing Allow

Attain out to your native allowing workplace to search out out when you want a allow to your attic conversion. A allow is often solely wanted in case you are including electrical wiring or air flow, or when you plan to vary the construction of your own home within the course of, comparable to pulling down an present wall or including a dormer.

Contemplate Your Heating and Air flow Wants

In case your attic doesn’t have already got duct work, you will want to search out out in case your present HVAC system will help a further room. Herald an professional to take a look at the capability of your present heating and cooling system and discover out if extra ductwork could be added to achieve your attic.

If including ductwork or HVAC capability is past your finances, different choices embrace baseboard heating and mini-spilt programs.

As well as, have the contractor test for or set up rafter vents to make sure air can transfer behind the insulation you’ll set up to complete your attic. Rafter vents will maintain your roof cool even whereas your attic is heat.

Contemplate the Price to End an Attic

The typical value of an attic conversion is $49,438, in line with House Advisor. The price of the challenge will rely on the weather your challenge consists of.

Parts of an Attic Conversion Price*
Putting in Ducts and Vents $1,087
New HVAC System $3,942
Constructing a Dormer $1,800 for a DIY challenge or $2,500 to $25,000 for skilled set up
Including Stairs $2,240 to $3,126 for skilled set up
Electrical Wiring $50 to $100 an hour

*Based on HomeAdvisor

In case you are planning on a DIY attic rework, you’ll be able to count on to pay roughly $5,000 for supplies together with drywall, insulation and carpeting relying on the scale of the attic.


Ending an Attic With Trusses

In case your roof is supported by trusses, you’ll in all probability not have the house in your attic to construct a room. You would wish to relocate the trusses to create the house and ceiling peak required by constructing codes. This is able to require an architect, engineer and a big monetary funding.

Find out how to End an Attic

Be real looking about your talent stage on the subject of doing the work your self. If that is your first rework, think about hiring knowledgeable that will help you convert your attic.

1. Clear Out Your Attic

Earlier than you start changing an finishing an attic, you must clear out the realm and take away any previous junk and constructing supplies you’ll not want. Assuming you’re going to add new insulation earlier than putting in drywall, take away any previous insulation. If the insulation is unfastened or blown-in, use an industrial vacuum to take away it.

If the insulation in your attic ground is in good condition, you’ll be able to set up subflooring over it. Whether it is previous and compressed, think about changing it.

2. Wire the Attic for Electrical energy

As soon as your attic is introduced as much as code and also you’ve obtained a allow, rent a licensed electrician to make sure all wiring meets code necessities. By hiring knowledgeable to put in electrical wiring throughout the partitions and ceiling, you’ll be able to keep away from most of the frequent issues DIY owners have a tendency to return throughout.

For those who do the work your self, you run the danger {of electrical} fires. As a rule of thumb, there ought to be at the least one outlet on every wall and at the least one outlet each 12 toes.

3. Construct a Subfloor

If joists are seen on the ground of your attic, you will want to construct a subfloor. Begin this course of solely as soon as all electrical and air flow installations are accomplished. To scale back sound touring out of your completed attic by means of the ground to the remainder of the home, you’ll be able to add insulation beneath the subfloor paneling or select a thicker subfloor panel.

To construct a subfloor:

  • Snap a chalk line that marks the middle of the joist for its full size. The sting of the panels ought to sit at this mark.
  • Lay the primary panel alongside the attic’s longest wall ¼ of an inch from the wall.
  • The longest fringe of the panel ought to run parallel to the ground joists.
  • Drill 2 ½ inch screws into the ground joists each 6 inches.
  • Set up the following panel with a ¼ inch hole between the present panel. When putting in the following row, keep away from putting finish seams on high of each other.
  • Repeat course of till ground is roofed.
  • Caulk all seams and screw heads.

4. Insulate Your Attic

For a DIY challenge, the perfect insulation for an attic is batt insulation with a vapor-retardant dealing with. This insulation is nice for ending an attic as a result of it’s versatile and straightforward to put in and might even be layered for extra protection. Earlier than putting in the batts, caulk any areas or leaks the place air can go to the rooms under.

Batt insulation is often minimize to suit between customary wall joists and 8-foot-high partitions. Attic partitions should not all the time this tall. If the batts don’t match, trim items with a utility knife.

To put in attic insulation:

  • Insert insulation into the cavity between joists the vapor barrier dealing with the room and never the exterior wall. Attempt to compress the insulation as little as doable to keep away from lowering the insulating worth.
  • Staple the insulation into the joists as directed by the insulation producer.
  • Proceed course of on all attic partitions and on the ceiling.
  • If you must insulate behind pipes or electrical wiring, peel the insulation aside and create two layers and match the layers across the impediment, ensuring the vapor barrier is dealing with the room.

5. Set up Drywall and Ceiling

When you’ve completed putting in the insulation, it’s time to complete your partitions. Hanging drywall will actually make your attic conversion take form. Dangle drywall horizontally out of your uncovered studs and safe with drywall screws. End by protecting seams and screws with drywall mud.

Relying on the peak of your ceiling, you could possibly select a dropped ceiling for a extra completed look, but when you must preserve house to satisfy constructing code requirements, set up drywall on to the ceiling as effectively.

6. Paint Attic Ceiling and Partitions

Subsequent, paint your drywall and watch as your attic begins to appear to be an actual residing house. New drywall will must be primed previous to portray. After priming, add at the least two coats of paint to provide the drywall a completed look. For those who used drywall on the ceiling, paint it earlier than beginning on the partitions.

When selecting colours to your attic room, think about lighter choices, particularly if the room has few home windows and little pure mild.

7. Select and Set up Attic Flooring

You’re virtually completed together with your DIY attic rework. The next move is to decide on and set up flooring for the room. Carpeting is an effective possibility for an attic as a result of it helps scale back sound and provides extra insulation to your ground. Comply with set up tips primarily based on the flooring of your alternative.

Get pleasure from Your Completed Attic

Subsequent step, adorn your transformed attic! Now that your attic consists of painted partitions and completed flooring, transfer in furnishings and décor to make the room the residing house you want.